Indian subcontinent that is covered by the high Himalayan mountain range covering from its top, from the north side and the Indian Ocean spread in the south surrounding all the diversity of India. As these are just a few names, on the Indian Subcontinent map, you can easily spot many other countries. In the 19th and 20th century India was ruled by the British government, and it is the world’s second most populated country.
Though they got their Independence in 1947 and after that India is on the path of development at a reasonable speed. While many other parts of the world are still facing the major economic crisis, India is doing good so far. By achieving success and glory, India has established itself as a developing country. There is no second thought in saying that by providing better education, better employment, better political and social status the country has made its place among the big and more advanced Nations. Not just the tourism sector of India, but also the industries are advancing towards the growth that will help the country to develop more.
Geographically India houses more than 700,000 cities and villages surrounded by many neighboring countries.
In this article we are going to talk about the Neighbouring Countries of India You Must Know Their Names.
Starting with the closest ones, Pakistan got separated from India when they become independent countries after the British rule. Both these countries became geographical territories that consists of former British India. In the following years, many sovereign states and a few French colonies along with some Portuguese colonies become the part of India. Pakistan was separated into two territories when it got its freedom. Both the territories were divided kilometers apart from each other.
In the North-West of India you can find the first territory and in the east thousands of kilometers far apart the second territory is established. Both these territories are not geographically apart from each other, but they both have different culture as well. Later, during the civil war that occurred in 1971 between India and Pakistan, a new country called Bangladesh came out into existence. After that, the first territory became Pakistan the eastern territory of Pakistan started to call itself Bangladesh.
India shares many borders with Pakistan. In Indian soil, these borders are established in Gujarat, Punjab, Pakistan and Jammu & Kashmir. Pakistan falls in the South Asia, and it has its coastline across the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. 7,95,094 sq km is the total land area of this country.
In its North across the Himalaya, India has made its border with its second neighbor China. Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand are the northern states of India that are holding the borders with China. Covering the total area of 95,96,961 sq km, China becomes the world’s most populated country.
With the advancement that they have reached in terms of technology, China is known as the world’s fastest growing economy in the world. Beijing is the capital city of this most populous country. The President is known as the main personal of the government, and the Premier of China is the considered as the head of the state.
Situated in the Himalayas, Nepal is another India Neighbouring country. With only 1,47,181 sq km of are Nepal indeed the smaller Indian Neighbouring country. But it houses eight out of worlds ten tallest peaks. Everyone knows about the world’s tallest mountain peak, Mount Everest, it lies in Nepal. To support the economy of the country agriculture plays the main role.
The major industries in Nepal are all agriculture based. The federal parliamentary republic government runs Nepal. By making Katmandu as its capital, Nepal is a favorite place among tourists. Many tourists came here every year, and the world’s eight tallest peaks are one of the main reasons for its popularity.
India shares its longest border with Bangladesh. On Indian soil, Assam, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya and West Bengal are the states that support border. While, Sylhet, Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rangpur, and Rajshahi are the Bangladeshi states on the opposite side of the Indian border. At first, Bangladesh was the western part of first Indian neighbor, Pakistan, but during the Civil War in 1971 between India and Pakistan.
Bangladesh separated itself from Pakistan and establishes its ground. Bangladesh had to fight a freedom war to declare itself as a new country. Covering the 1,43,998 sq km extended geographical area, Bangladesh has got its 580 km long coastline. Dhaka is the capital city of this country. The Parliamentary democratic system supports the government in this country.
Covering the are of 38,394 sq km, Bhutan has its borders with Indian states such as Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, West Bengal and Assam. Thimphu is the capital city of this country. The most of the population follows the Buddhism which is followed after the Hinduism. To generate the economy to call itself a country, Bhutan is supported by its Hydropower, agriculture, forestry, and tourism industries. Other than Monarch Bhutan has its Prime Minister as well. Their Prime Minister is the one who holds, the more executive powers over the kingdom of Bhutan.
Having a coastline along with the Bay of Bengal, the Burma, which is also known as Myanmar is established in East Asia. This country neighbors with India and shares its multiple borders near Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, and Mizoram. Though they have only one border called the border of Burma. The capital city of Burma is Naypyidaw, and it covers 6,76,576 sq km of land. Just like Bhutan the most of the county follows Buddhism as their religion. The presidential republic governs the country along with a two-chamber party parliament. Though, President is considered as the head of the state of this country.
Located in central Asia, Afghanistan neighbors with India and shares its borders. Other than India,Afghanistan has many other neighboring countries as well. China, Pakistan, Iran, Iran, Turkmenistan, Iran, and Uzbekistan are the name of other countries that share its border with Afghanistan. Population covering the area of 6,52,220 sq km mainly practices Islam as their religion. To support its economy, agriculture industries of Afghanistan supports it a lot. Afghanistan has many significant Industries supporting its economy by manufacturing cotton textile, woven carpets, woolens, and handicrafts.
8. Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka is located at the southern part of India. Palk Strait divides Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka has two capital states one is commercial, Colombo the other is its parliamentary capital of Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte. It is spread across 65,610 sq Km. The president is the head of state who also controls the government of this country. Sri Lanka is home to many different religions, parties and has multiple languages. Offering many beautiful places to visit, this country is popular among touring all over the world.
9. The Maldives
It is an island which becomes a country and called the Maldives. In the south-west of India this island which is called a country neighbor with India. The Maldives is an island situated in the Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea area, Maldives holds a chain of 26 small islands that make a perfect tourist destination. The Maldives is the smallest country that neighbors with India.
It is spread across an area of 298 sq km only. Still, it includes than a thousand coral islands that make it a dream destination for many tourists. Islam is the most practiced religion in this country, and the president is appointed as the head of the state and of the government as well. The official language of this country is Dhivehi and Male is the capital of this island country.
India has covered 15,200 km land area, and 7,516.6 km is the total length of the coastline of the continent, Lakshadweep Islands and Andaman and the Nicobar Islands. It shares its border with nine countries. From north to west India has Afghanistan and Pakistan as his neighbors, China, Bhutan, and Nepal are in the north sharing their borders with India, Myanmar is neighboring India by far East, and Bangladesh is located in the east.
In the South-east, there is Sri Lanka, and the Maldives is located at the south-west. Sri Lanka and the Maldives are the only two countries with water borders. Just like all the different cultures and religions, India has got a number of neighboring countries. Knowing about the countries neighboring India is important for those who are interested in getting to know the country well, and it is important for the citizens of India as well. Above mentioned are the countries neighboring India from north to the south.